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E. M. Forster

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E. M. Forster

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E.M. Forster (1879-1890) is difficult writer to classify. An Edwardian modernist, he criticized Victorian middle class mores in formally traditional novels, a writer who idealized connection and sincerity above all else, he kept his own homosexuality hidden from view but defended D.H. Lawrence's sexually daring Lady Chatterley's Lover from obscenity charges. Forster's enduring achievement rests upon his novels, including Howards End (1910) and A Passage to India (1924), his critical study Aspects of the Novel (1927), and his continuing, principled defense of liberal humanism despite the upheavals of the early twentieth century.